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Raja Traders, Saharanpur
Raja Traders, Saharanpur
Raja Traders, Saharanpur
Raja Traders, Saharanpur
Kashmiri Saffron Iranian Saffron Aromatic Kashmiri Saffron
Raja Traders, Saharanpur
Home » Saffron

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Saffron is one of the oldest and certainly amongst the world's most expensive spices. It is a dried stigma of crocus sativus flowers, a small perennial plant, which grows 15 to 25 cm in height. Each flower consists of three stigmas (female part) and two male parts (stamen) also called the style. The stigma has a silky thread like appearance with a dark red color at the top and yellow at the bottom of the stigma. A bitter taste and an iodoform - or hay - like fragrance characterize saffron. The flavor, aroma and coloring properties come from the red part of the stigma.

Different Names of Saffron
Botanical name: Crocus sativus Linn.
Family name: Iridaceae.
French: Safran
German: Safron
Italian: Zafferano
Spanish: Azafran

Types of Saffron
Kashmiri Saffron
Kashmiri saffron is considered to be the world's best saffron for its distinctive, long and silky threads. The dark red thread of the saffron has an extraordinary aroma, powerful coloring and flavoring properties.

Iranian Saffron
Iran is the single largest producer of saffron, which is called the Iranian or Persian Saffron. Iranian saffron is known for its exquisite, delectable aroma and high coloring capabilities. It has traditionally been grown in the northeastern region of Iran, known as Khorasan. This place has ideal soil and climatic condition for the crocus crop.

Iranian Saffron is available in different grades depending upon the part of the flower and the way it is dried. While, the best grade saffron is categorised as Sargol (All red), other grades include Pushal (Mancha) and Daste (Bunches). The sargol grade of saffron consists of only bright red stigma, which have distinct aroma, flavor and coloring characteristics.

Spanish Saffron
While, Spanish saffron also has its own unique aroma, flavor and coloring capabilities, it is not as strong as Kashmiri saffron. Kashmiri saffron is considered to be world's best saffron for its distinctive long, flat, silky threads with a dark red color, extraordinary aroma, powerful coloring and flavoring capabilities. The size of the stigmas indicates the inherent suitability of the soil and climate for the saffron.

Kashmiri saffron is awfully tough to obtain, which makes it the most prized saffron amongst all other varieties in the world.

Origin and Cultivation

Although there are difference of opinions about the origin of saffron, it is commonly believed to have originally come from Greece and Asia Minor. As per historical evidence, it was used in ancient Persia, during the reign of King Solomon (circa 960BC) and was in great demand by the Phoenicians. Saffron was also used to dye the robes of Irish Kings and is still used in many religious ceremonies.

The name saffron comes from Arabic, where the spice is known as az-za'fran that name is often explained to derive from a Semitic root signifying "be yellow" or "become yellow." Today, while Indian variety of Kashmiri saffron is considered to be the rare and most expensive of them all, it is mainly cultivated in Spain and Iran, which together count for more than 80% of total world production. As per market estimates, the total yield of saffron is estimated to be 300 tons per year.

Cool dry climate and rich soil with excellent drainage and organic content provide the ideal environment for saffron cultivation. The flowering period starts during middle or late October and lasts till mid November. The flowers are essentially plucked before the crack of dawn, so that the strands are not exposed to sunlight. The flowers are cleaned and the style and stigmas are separated from perianth. It needs about 150000 crocus flowers and 40 man-hours to produce one-kg saffron.

The average composition of commercial grade saffron is as follows:

Moisture: 15.6%
Starch and Sugars: 13.00%
Essential Oil: 0.6%
Fixed Oil: 5.63%
Fiber: 4.48%
Total Ash: 4.27%
Nitrogen Free Extract: 43.64%.

To speak with us urgently, please call us at 24 hours customer care number : +91-9917000063

Raja Traders, Saharanpur
Raja Traders, Saharanpur
Our Product Range Saffron Edible Silver Leaves
Raja Traders, Saharanpur
Raja Traders, Saharanpur

Raja Traders, Saharanpur
Raja Traders, Saharanpur